The fluid inside the syrinx is called cerebrospinal fluid. Normally, cerebrospinal fluid flows around the outside of the brain and spinal cord, bathing and cushioning them. When the flow of cerebrospinal fluid is blocked, however, some of the excess fluid can enter the spinal cord.
This is the beginning of a syrinx. Untreated, syrinxes tend to expand over time, though some remain stable or even disappear. Unfortunately, it is not always clear which course a syrinx will follow. A syrinx can compress the nerves of the spinal cord.
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Specific symptoms depend on where the syrinx is located and how much it compresses the nerves. Possible symptoms include weakness of hands and arms, numbness to temperature, pain in the back and neck, scoliosis curvature of the spine , stiffness, pain, and incontinence. Symptoms usually appear gradually. Symptoms may also appear because of the underlying cause of the syrinx.
The tragedy of Syrinx
For instance, a syrinx may be caused by a Chiari Malformation , which can cause headaches or neck pain. Syringomyelia can be caused by another medical condition such as a tethered spinal cord , a Chiari malformation , or a spinal cord tumor. Syringomyelia can also be caused by damage to a previously healthy spinal cord. This damage can be caused by trauma, meningitis an infection in the spinal cord membranes , arachnoiditis inflammation and scarring of the spinal cord membranes , hemorrhage bleeding , or other problems.
In some cases, there is not a clear cause. MR scans use a combination of large magnets, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. A special type of MR called a cine MR may also be useful. More like a video than a still image, the cine MR can show the movement of cerebrospinal fluid. Computed tomography CT scan can also be useful. They use a computer and multiple X-rays to produce detailed images of bones and soft tissues.
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The incision for a syrinx can be at any point in the back of the neck or upper back. It depends on the location of the syrinx cavity. Researches do not have exact data on the prognosis for syringomyelia.
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Much depends on the patient's health and the presence of other conditions before surgery. Up to 80 percent of patients will experience some level of relief or at least not get worse.
Pathology Outlines - Syrinx
About 20 percent will get worse. Most patients will have some lasting symptoms even after surgery, so major lifestyle changes may be needed. Severe, constant pain, which can be difficult to treat, is one of the most common long-term problems. Recovery can be very slow and can involve many setbacks.
Living with SM can have a major effect on patients and their families. Home - Conditions - Syringomyelia Syringomyelia. More Definitions for syrinx.
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